What exactly does constructive dismissal mean and what must an employee prove to be successful at the CCMA? In terms of Section 186(1)(e) of the Labour Relations Act, constructive dismissal is defined as when “an employee terminated (a contract of) employment with or without notice because the employer made continued employment intolerable for the [...]
Can the Employer follow the Desertion Procedure, if Dismissal is in Dispute and the Employee referred the Matter to the CCMA Prematurely?
Most employers find themselves in a situation where their employees prematurely refer dismissal disputes to the CCMA, whilst the employer was in the process of instituting disciplinary action against the employee. Thereafter, the employee deserts when he/she unilaterally refuses/fails to report for duty for an unreasonable long period without good reason/notification, and with the intention [...]
Section 187 of the Labour Relations Act lists a number of reasons for dismissal that are automatically unfair, meaning the dismissal is unfair by virtue of the reason for the dismissal. Once it has been established that the reason for dismissal is one of the reasons listed in section 187, the employer will not be [...]
A further form of statutory dismissal is the termination of the contract of employment by the employee with or without notice or leaving employment due to unfair pressure, unreasonable instruction or unbearable conduct on the part of the employer. […]
It often happens that an employee resigns from the workplace and thereafter refers a case to the CCMA alleging unfair dismissal. Many employers don’t realise that even though an employee has resigned voluntarily, this may amount to a dismissal. Such a dismissal is termed “Constructive dismissal” […]
An employer is often faced with a situation where an ex-employee shows up at the workplace to come and collect his/her “Blue Card”, a terminology used in relation to an UI-19 form. Your HR department, would have already notified the Department of Labour that you have stopped making any further contributions for this specific citizen, [...]
Many employers create policies that regulate the conduct of their employees. These policies will vary from workplace to workplace. Very often these policies are strictly enforced and carry harsh sanctions when transgressed, with dismissal being a possible sanction ¬even for a first-time transgression. In Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd v Tokiso Dispute Settlement and Others (JA49/14)ZALAC [...]