The Con/Arb Process and the Objection thereof

Primarily the CCMA has two main processes, namely Conciliation and Arbitration.   At Conciliation an attempt will be made for the parties to reconcile their differences and settle the dispute between them. This settlement and terms thereof are at the discretion of the parties involved, being the Applicant (Employee) and the Respondent (Employer). Should the [...]

January 11th, 2019|General|

Constructive Dismissal – An Objective Test

Constructive dismissal is a statutory form of dismissal which is defined by Section 186 (1)(e) of the Labour Relations Act (LRA), as the termination of the contract of employment by the employee with or without notice due to the fact that the employer had made the continued employment relationship intolerable for the employee.   The [...]

December 10th, 2018|General|

Unfair Discrimination on an Arbitrary Ground

Section 6(1) of the Employment Equity Act, as amended states that: No person may unfairly discriminate, directly or indirectly, against an employee, in any employment policy or practice, on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, family responsibility, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, HIV status, conscience, [...]

December 3rd, 2018|General|

The National Minimum Wage Bill

The South African labour market is characterised by high levels of inequality, unemployment and poverty. Due to such a characterisation, the South African National Minimum Wage (NMW) will be introduced as one of the measures to reduce these levels.   The implementation of a NMW is drawing closer. The official bill has recently been adopted [...]

November 23rd, 2018|Wages|

Double Jeopardy

When an employee causes damage to the property of the employer or the employee causes the employer to suffer a loss, the employer might find themselves in a position where they would not only want to take disciplinary action against the employee, but also recover the loss or damage suffered.   This then begs the [...]

November 16th, 2018|General|

Incarcerated Employees have Rights

It happens quite often that an employee gets arrested for alleged criminal activities and/or is found guilty of criminal activity and ultimately incarcerated. Some employers then erroneously deem the employer/employee relationship to be automatically terminated. Unfortunately, an employee does not dismiss himself should he be incarcerated.   It is no employer’s wish to be associated [...]

November 2nd, 2018|General|

Dismissal for Misconduct and the onus at the CCMA: Workplace Rules

In dismissing an employee, the dismissal should have two fundamental characteristics. The dismissal should be substantively fair, this meaning that the Applicant should be dismissed for a good reason. The dismissal should also be procedurally fair, there should have been a fair internal process/hearing of which the Applicant had enough prior knowledge and also had [...]

October 26th, 2018|General|

Disclosure of Relevant Documents (Rule 29 of the CCMA Rules)

Employers are aware of the two processes at the CCMA, namely conciliation and arbitration. Conciliation is a means of attempting to conciliate and settle the matter before the next process, namely Arbitration, follows.   Both the Applicant-employee and the Respondent-employer can request that the Arbitration does not proceed immediately after a Conciliation process has failed.  [...]

October 19th, 2018|General|

What rights do foreign nationals have without work permits?

It is common knowledge that employing a foreigner without a valid work permit is illegal and exposes an employer to fines and possible prosecution. Therefore, many employers upon discovering that they have employed a foreign national without a work permit or who has an expired work permit, usually panic and follow incorrect procedures which create [...]

October 5th, 2018|General|